Jakarta, Jan 4,2018 (Antara) - The number of internet users in Indonesia has reached some 132 million, making it is crucial for the country to develop reliable cybersecurity mechanisms.
cybersecurity reduces the risks of cyber attacks and protects entities,
organizations, and individuals from the deliberate exploitation of
systems, networks, and technologies.
June 2017, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) inaugurated a national cyber
agency called National Cyber and Encryption Agency (BSSN).
The agency was launched following a global ransomware attack by the
WannaCry virus, which affected more than 150 countries around the world,
including Indonesia, in May last year.
president has later strengthened the role of the BSSN by stipulating
the Presidential Regulation No. 133 of 2017, which was signed on Dec 16,
is a very important agency, and in future, it is necessary, especially
to take precautionary measures in the face of rapid developments in the
cyber world," Jokowi remarked recently.
to the Presidential Regulation No. 133 of 2017 on BSSN, the agency
directly comes under the president and is accountable to him.
The BSSN is responsible for detecting and preventing cybercrimes and
maintaining cybersecurity in effective and efficient ways by utilizing,
developing, and consolidating all components related to cybersecurity.
On Jan 3, 2018, Jokowi installed Major General of the Indonesian Army,
Djoko Setiadi, as head of the BSSN at the State Palace.
The BSSN chief's inauguration is in line with the Presidential
Regulation No. 53 of 2017, signed on May 19, 2017, on the establishment
of BSSN. Under the regulation, the BSSN chief has ministerial-level
Setiadi was born in Surakarta. After graduating from high school in
1977, he enrolled at the State Encryption Academy. He had served as head
of the National Encryption Agency (Lemsaneg) for some seven years.
After his inauguration, Setadi revealed that his office will use the
latest sophisticated technology in counterterrorism to assist the
will help the National Police Headquarters in counterterrorism. Of
course, there will be sharing (of information), and we will also use the
latest technology to detect (and) locate. We will share whatever we
find with the authorities, in this case the Police," he stated.
He noted that terrorism has penetrated the cyber world through the
communication system, which is usually good and difficult to penetrate.
"We have prepared everything. If there is a cyber attack anywhere, we must face it using technology," he added.
The agency will also detect and monitor hoaxes that could affect the national unity.
remarked that the new agency is a revitalization of the State
Encryption Institute (Lemsaneg) that he had headed previously.
"(According to) the president's directives, we must also be able to
prioritize the protection of Indonesian citizens," he added.
Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs
Wiranto has expressed his appreciation that Indonesia had finally got
the BSSN, as cyber security is a must for the nation.
The cybersecurity agency is crucial for Indonesia in responding to the
global, regional, and national developments, he said, adding that
previously, cybersecurity was handled by a cyber desk in Wiranto's
Although the BSSN chief is directly accountable to the President, the
coordination on cybersecurity, which involves BSSN, the Indonesian
Defense Forces (TNI), the National Intelligence Agency (BIN), the
National Counter Terrorism Agency (BNPT) and the National Narcotic
Agency (BNN), is under Wiranto.
Deputy House Speaker Agus Hermanto has expressed his optimism that
under the leadership of Major General Djoko Setiadi, the agency would be
able to deal with various challenges because of its intelligence
agency's other functions include security and communication in the
cyber world, the Democratic Party's politician stated.
Another legislator, Abdul Kharis Almasyari is of the view that it is
crucial for the BSSN chief to work in synergy with other institutions
related to cybersecurity.
"The current condition demands the agency to work immediately in
synergy with all institutions related to cybersecurity demands. I hope
the BSSN could protect crucial sectors in the country in future,"
Almasyari, who is Chairman of the Commission I of the House of
Representative (DPR), noted in a statement.
The Parliament's Commission I, as a partner of the BSSN, had been waiting for the agency for long, he added.
The politician of the Justice and Prosperous Party (PKS) reminded that
the BSSN is an independent institution, which does not support any
political interests, but the national interest.
"I am sure
that as we approach the legislative and presidential elections,
cybersecurity challenges would become more dynamic and would need better
handling," he remarked.
the agency must be able to protect the country's infrastructure,
including data of the public sector, finance, and transportation, from
hackers, including foreign hackers, he explained.
Zulkifli Hasan, Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR),
hoped that the BSSN, which will monitor information circulating in the
cyber world, could minimize cyber crimes.
Progress is inevitable in the cyber world; therefore, the presence of BSSN is crucial, he revealed.
He also lauded the appointment of Setiadi as head of the BSSN. "He is a
good and straightforward person. We pray that he would be able to
perform his duties smoothly," he noted.
EDITED BY INE
(T.F001/A/BESSR/F. Assegaf) 04-01-2018