Monday, May 29, 2017


Jakarta, May 29, 2017 (Antara) - Indonesia has targeted the development of livable, safe, and comfortable cities in 2025, enabling the development of green cities in 2035 and the establishment of competitive and technology-based smart cities in 2045.    
    Smart city is a concept of city development, with information technology applications used to manage natural as well as human resources efficiently and effectively.

        For that purpose, the government has encouraged the implementation of the smart city concept in an effort to improve its regional competitiveness as well as social and economic indicators.
          "Smart City has been implemented globally. In Indonesia, it has been running but still in its early stages; for instance, Surabaya has established information technology for e-governance and services," Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs Darmin Nasution said at a seminar on Smart City Smart Region recently.
         According to the minister, smart city development would have a positive impact on the workforce, electrification, and logistic sector.
         Smart city could also increase labor efficiency by simplifying the working process, creating competition that will improve their quality, and generating more new jobs.
         However, he admitted that Indonesia has faced challenges in developing a smart city, such as digital imbalance, lack of supporting infrastructure, as well as human resources to run information technology in smart city.
          Therefore, the government has issued some economic policy packages to support smart city implementation.

          Several ministries and government institutions have been actively developing an information technology system as its contribution towards the concept.
          "For instance, the Indonesian Police has the online-based Traffic Management Center and the Agriculture Minister with its online Toko Tani," Darmin stated.
         To support the smart city program, Communications and Informatics Minister Rudiantara said all municipal cities in Indonesia will be connected with high-speed internet systems in 2019 with the provision of government facility in the program of "Information Toll."
     "The target is that by 2019, all 500 capital cities of district areas would be connected with high-speed Internet service," Rudiantara remarked here on Saturday.

          Currently, the speed is not the same. Some cities have no Internet connection yet, the minister noted after speaking at a graduation ceremony at the Malang Muhammadiyah University here.
          "Here in Java, the speed is between 3 MB and 4 MB per second, but in Papua, the speed is only 300 KB or one tenth of Java, not to mention the high tariff. That is not fair," he revealed.
          Therefore, the government has taken the initiative to create an "information toll" with equal high-speed Internet system all over the country, he pointed out.
          The Palapa Ring project of state telecommunication provider PT Telkom is an infrastructure prepared to back up the information toll project using optic fiber all over Indonesia.
              He stated that the project consists of seven small circles of optic fiber for Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Nusa Tenggara, Papua, Sulawesi, and Maluku) and one backhaul or system to provide whole connections.
            Palapa Ring is a national optic fiber network project to cover the country's 34 provinces and 440 cities/regencies all over the country.
           "When the Palapa Ring has been fully operational in 2019, all areas in Indonesia, from Sabang to Merauke and from Miangas to Rote, would have high-speed internet access and we would not be inferior to countries already advanced in Internet infrastructure like Singapore," Rudiantara asserted.
               Meanwhile, telecommunication developer PT Palapa Timur Telematika  said it will start the construction of a broadband network in the eastern part of the country under the Palapa Ring project in July.
           The firm, which is a consortium of Moratelindo, IBS and Smart Telecom, signed in September an agreement with the government under which the consortium is committed to building 8,454 kilometers of cables through East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, West Papua and Papua.
           The  developer will have 18 months to carry out construction after the deal was made. Five banks -- state-owned lender Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI), private lender ICBC Indonesia, government-owned banks Bank Papua, Bank Maluku Malut and Bank Sulselbar, will disburse a syndicated loan totaling Rp 4 trillion (US$300 million) out of overall construction costs of Rp 5.13 trillion for the eastern network.
         The Rp14 trillion Palapa Ring project comprises three sections - the west, central and east - that will span around 13,000 km. It aims to expand domestic broadband service nationwide, particularly in frontier, outermost and remote regions, a report said. 
     In fact, for eastern Indonesian region, the Communications and Informatics Ministry has picked Mimika of Papua, to be included among 25 districts to build a smart city in 2017.

        For that purpose, the ministry has invited the Mimika district administration to sign on May 25, 2017, a memorandum of understanding to launch the smart city program.
       The ministry will give technical guidelines for that project  and the district administration will be responsible for providing supporting infrastructure.
            In addition to Mimika,  Samarinda City, East Kalimantan Province, central Indonesian region, has also been selected to be part of the "Towards 100 Smart City Indonesia Movement" under which the cities will provide digital-based public services.
         The movement is being initiated in 25 districts and cities as a pilot project that will gradually provide digital-based public services.

(T.F001/A/BESSR/F. Assegaf) 29-05-2017

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